Is a method of applying irrigation water which is similar to natural rainfall. Water is distributed through a system of pipes usually by pumping. It is then sprayed into the air through sprinklers so that it breaks up into small water drops which fall to the ground.
Advantages of Sprinkler irrigation
- It is affordable and completely easy to setup. No need to spend much on labor costs for setting it up.
- No requirement of using many areas of your field for setting up the sprinkler irrigation.
- The interference with cultivation for setting up the sprinkler irrigation is very less. So you will not face a huge loss.
- Frequent application of water can be supplied to the plants, you will need to do it yourself.
- The water distribution will always be equal.
- Sprinkler irrigation is suitable for setting up in all types of soil.
- System can be used for other purposes such as cooling during high temperature.
- Amount of water being supplied can be controlled. So you will be able also to save water depending on the necessity and requirements of the plants.
Disadvantages of Sprinkler irrigation
- Cost investment required for purchasing the equipment of the sprinkler irrigation is high.
- Using sprinkler irrigation for supplying saline water can result into problems to arise.
- For spraying water droplets evenly, there is a requirement of constant water supply.
- There is a chance of water, getting evaporated from the sprinkler irrigation when the sorrounding environment is windy and high in terms of humidity.
- There is a chance of the nozzles of the sprinklers getting clogged due to the deposits of debris and sediments from the water that is used.
- There is requirement of continuous power supply for operating the sprinkler irrigation system.